4.1 The Acadian littoral and climate change

Authors: Omer Chouinard, Steve Plante, Sebastian Weissenberger and Élise Mayrand

Thanks to Mélanie Aubé, Julie Guillemot, Sébastien Doiron

This map of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and New Brunswick shows the location of the coastal municipalities described in the New Brunswick case study.

Source : Tourism Nouveau-Brunswick.

The Acadian littoral comprises the eastern coast of New Brunswick and part of the southern Chaleur Bay coast. Its relief is mostly flat, with many beaches, dunes and coastal marshes. Its geomorphological constitution, paired with the strong winter storms in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, make this coast highly vulnerable to floods and to coastal erosion.

The Acadian littoral is renowned for its fisherman villages on the coast, increasingly turned towards tourism and services, although fishing still represents an important and valued activity. Several other economic activities are present, including agriculture, forestry, silviculture, peat extractions, or different types of aquaculture, especially oysters. Moncton and Bathurst are the largest urban centers in or close to the coastal zone.